Supercritical Fluid Extraction Search Engine - Infinity Supercritical CO2 Extraction Publications Search Engine - Cannabis Industry - Publications On Demand - Real Time Browser Display
This SDR - Spinning Disc Reactor and Cavitation Reactor search was updated real-time via Filemaker on:SDR - Spinning Disc Reactor and Cavitation Reactor Contents List
Search Completed. Publication Name:
Page Number: 001
| PDF Text:|
International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications, Vol. 3, No. 6, December 2012 Kinetics Modeling of Free-Radical Polymerization on
Spinning Disk Reactor
Safoora Sajad, Mitra Ahmadi, and Mohammad Reza Moghbeli
Abstract—Spinning disk reactor (SDR) technology reportedly achieves significant enhancements in free radical polymerization rates. The effect on those rates has been attributed to the unique hydrodynamic environment experienced by the reacting polymer films. The rotating surface of SDR promotes extension of the polymer chains, which prevents the propagating chains from terminating through bimolecular reactions. In this work, a numerical simulation is applied to investigate how reduced rates of termination would affect time conversion behavior of free radical initiated styrene polymerization. Comparisons have been made between model predictions and SDR experimental results. The closeness of predicted and experimental results indicates strong evidence that the hydrodynamic regime created on the surface of a SDR can lead to reduced rates of bimolecular termination.
Index Terms—Polystyrene polymerization, spinning disk reactor, termination rate constant
The spinning disk reactor (SDR) technology proposes an alternative approach through a step change in manufacturing several operations, most notably with respect to the ability to cope with very fast chemical reactions such as polymerization, crystallization, and competing fast chemical reactions. The technology creates highly sheared thin liquid films which feature superior heat/mass transfer properties. The short diffusion and conduction path length achievable by the very thin films creates the basis for the very high transport rates within the film.
SDR technology has been successfully used for a range of procedures including free-radical and cationic polymerization processes  and organic catalytic reactions .
The improved product quality including high selectivity and narrow crystal size/molecular weight distributions observed in these processes, are directly influenced by the micromixing intensity in the process liquid. However, so far no comprehensive study of micromixing in SDR thin films has been performed. Here, we study the hydrodynamic conditions for which the SDR film gives the best micromixing efficiency and evaluate its micromixing performance in comparison to other reactor systems. It is assumed that the centrifugal forces and divergent nature of the reacting film on the spinning disc provide conditions which minimize the termination of the macro radicals,
Manuscript received September 15, 2012; revised November 26, 2012.
Mitra Ahmadi is with the Department of Chemical Engineering, Payame Noor University (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
resulting in great increments in the polymerization rate. The experimental data in this study are derived from a previous research carried out by Moghbeli and collaborators . Experimentally, the bulk free-radical polymerization of styrene was carried out on a disc surface at 70oC with 2, 2- azobi- sisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as the initiator.
II. MODEL FORMULATION
Production, consumption, and diffusion in the mass balance equation don’t have important role in the total equation due to constant total mass. Therefore mass fraction can be shown as following equation:
TABLE I: KINETICS CONSTANT FOR POLYSTYRENE WITH AIBN AS AN INITIATOR .
(Ur A)r (Ur A)rdr (UzS)z (UzS)zdz (U A) (U A) acc.
L K P 0 m o l e . m i n
L K t 0 m o l e . m i n
K min1 d
Cal R m o l e . K
With extension of Taylor series, the Equation 1 changes
to following equation:
(UrA)r dr(UzS)z dz r z
If we suppose to ρ is constant the above equation will be convertedto:
U U 1U U
rr z0 (3)
(U W) (rddzdr) d
m t t
r r r z
The continuity equation of mole fraction in cylindrical
coordinates is formulated as:
Ci Ci 1 Ci Ci
t (Ur r U r Uz z )
Equation 4 can be simplified with some assumptions such
1 2C i
iM r r
|SUPERCRITICAL CO2 EXTRACTOR FOR SALE: 5L, 10L and 20L - 2,000 psi Complete Supercritical Fluid Extraction System - closed loop. Our systems are made at our fabrication shop in the state of Washington. Systems available: 5L, 10L, 20L, 100L, and larger custom. Typical build time is 2 weeks. This is not a Apeks Supercritical or Waters Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction System. We believe it is a better system, since we use 1/2 inch tubing for the CO2 flow, which is 4 times the flow rate of a Apeks, and up to 64 times the flow rate of a Waters system. We believe the result is faster processing time and better yield from increased exposure to CO2 solvent. Perfect for extraction of terpenes, trichomes, and Cannabinoids. Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction is a art, and the operator must have experience and training to obtain results. Go to website|
Search Engine Contact: email@example.com