Infinity Supercritical

Supercritical Fluid Extraction Search Engine - Infinity Supercritical CO2 Extraction Publications Search Engine - Cannabis Industry - Publications On Demand - Real Time Browser Display

This SDR - Spinning Disc Reactor and Cavitation Reactor search was updated real-time via Filemaker on:

SDR - Spinning Disc Reactor and Cavitation Reactor Contents List

Previous Page View | Next Page View

Search Completed. Publication Name:


Page Number: 001

PDF Text:

Wastewater treatment - Treating industrial effluents using cavitation technology

Principal Investigator: Assoc. Prof. Dr Sivakumar Manickam Abstract

Although ultrasound has a broad range of industrial applications, its potential for water and wastewater treatment has not been explored extensively. Increasingly stringent water quality regulations require almost total removal of organic pollutants from effluent wastewater from a level of part-per-million to part-per-billion range. The efficiency of the usual cleaning processes to treat carbonaceous compounds (biological or physical/chemical treatments) is limited. In such circumstances, ultrasound seems to be a promising technology for wastewater treatment. The intensity of cavity implosion induced by ultrasound, and hence the nature of the reaction, are controlled by factors such as driving acoustic frequency, acoustic intensity, bulk temperature, static pressure, the choice of the liquid, and the choice of the dissolved gas. The heat from the cavity implosion decomposes water into extremely reactive hydrogen atoms (H•) and hydroxyl radicals (OH•). During the quick-cooling phase, hydroxyl radicals and hydrogen atoms recombine to form hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and molecular hydrogen (H2), respectively. Thus, in such a molecular environment, organic compounds and inorganic compounds are oxidized or reduced depending on their reactivity. Taking advantage of all these factors, ultrasonic cavitation is highly potential to decompose/mineralise the pollutants.

Figure 1: Standing Wave Sonochemical Cavitation Reactor

PDF Image:

 Supercritical Fluid Extraction wastewatertreatment.pdf Page 001
SUPERCRITICAL CO2 EXTRACTOR FOR SALE: 5L, 10L and 20L - 2,000 psi Complete Supercritical Fluid Extraction System - closed loop. Our systems are made at our fabrication shop in the state of Washington. Systems available: 5L, 10L, 20L, 100L, and larger custom. Typical build time is 2 weeks. This is not a Apeks Supercritical or Waters Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction System. We believe it is a better system, since we use 1/2 inch tubing for the CO2 flow, which is 4 times the flow rate of a Apeks, and up to 64 times the flow rate of a Waters system. We believe the result is faster processing time and better yield from increased exposure to CO2 solvent. Perfect for extraction of terpenes, trichomes, and Cannabinoids. Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction is a art, and the operator must have experience and training to obtain results. Go to website

Search Engine Contact: